The Oleander is a shrub typical of Mediterranean vegetation and can be seen throughout Italy, occurring naturally in the Southern regions and maintained in gardens and greenhouses elsewhere. The oleander is a vigorous evergreen bush that produces pink, beautifully perfumed flowers throughout the mild season.
In addition to the typically pink flowers, many hybrid varieties exist with red or white flowers, sometimes variegated and spotty, sometimes two-toned. In the fall, the oleander’s flowers are followed by the long, tough, capsule-shaped fruit; the foliage is oval, stretched, and dark green, and the leaves are rough and waxy. Oleanders are the most common plants in regions with Mediterranean climates thanks to relatively few survival needs. They are commonly seen in urban areas on street furniture, as they can even survive in less-than-ideal conditions of extreme heat or drought.